Our colonial overlords first brought English to India in the nineteenth century. It was not easy or smooth for English to spread and thrive. It was able to attract a big number of Indians after overcoming the early barriers and was helpful in persuading a complete group to embrace it. In the nineteenth century, an Indian middle class began to swear by English etiquette. English in India went through several stages before being firmly entrenched as a component of Indian life in the post-Independence phase. Its significance has risen dramatically in the last several decades of the twentieth century.
The phase of introduction of English Studies in post-independence India, is extremely difficult to navigate, with the process of effervescence in Indian languages and literatures reversing over time. During this time, the advancement and evolution of Indian languages and literatures decreased significantly. With the passage of time, writing in Indian languages grew progressively removed from societal concerns. In direct proportion to this, English has risen to unparalleled levels of popularity. This period has also seen a significant advancement of English as a language of not only communicating but also artistic endeavour. At the current time, it has mostly superseded Indian languages as a language of education at the university and college institutions.
English’s impact in the media is also growing by the day. English and elitism are inextricably linked. Institutes teaching spoken and written English are springing up all throughout the country, not only in major cities. These institutes, which are privately administered, are cash cows. Since its inception in the eighteenth century as the language of the colonial rulers, English has been accepted as the language of the Indian ruling elite. It is connected with power and status. We’ve seen that every young person in our nation looks up to a well-dressed English-speaking individual. It’s fascinating to observe a prominent Hindi film actor speaking in English while being interviewed on a Hindi television programme, attempting to dazzle the audience with his accent and knowledge of the prestige language.
Similarly, Indian writing in English has grown in popularity and importance. Studying and researching in English attracts more talent than studying and researching in Indian languages. What may possibly be the cause of this? Because things are so near to us in time, it’s tough for us to make an impartial appraisal of this occurrence.
Also Read: MEG 10 Solved Assignment 2021-22