IGNOU MPS 001 POLITICAL THEORY Solved Assignment 2021-22
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IGNOU MPS 001 POLITICAL THEORY Solved Assignment 2021-22 Free

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Course Code: MPS-001

Assignment Code: Asst/TMA/2021-22

Marks: 100

Answer five questions in all, selecting at least two questions from each section. Each question is to be answered in about 500 words. Each question carries 20 marks.


1. Write a note on modern political theory.

Answer: Modern political theory includes in itself a number of diverse trends like the institutional, structural, positivistic, empirical, scientific, the Marxist and behavioural and post-behavioral. These trends ruled the twentieth century for the most extent. Classical political theory was primarily  idealistic, philosophical, normative, and to some degree historical; modern political theory, on the contrary, can be divided into two parts: liberal, which includes the pluralist, elitist, individualistic, and Marxist, which includes the dialectical-materialist. The whole classical heritage was labelled uninteresting by modern political theory, which began with the liberal position in the 15th-16th century and later expressed itself in institutional-positivist, empirical-behavioural, and post-behavioural movements. From Merriam and Key to Dahl, Easton and Casswell, their proponents emphasised the ‘present’ more than the ‘past’; the ‘living’ instead of the ‘dull’; the ‘immediate’ more than the’remote’; the ‘process-oriented’ more than the ‘purpose-oriented’; the ‘objective’ more than the ‘subjective’; the ‘analytic’ more than the ‘philosophic’; the ‘explanatory’ more than the ‘descriptive’. more scientific’ than theoritical.  Through its western liberal-democratic slant, modern political theory tried to create a science of politics that was empirical, objective, observable, quantifiable,  value-free and operational.  Its characteristics are as follows:

(i) The study’s foundations are facts and statistics. These are gathered, explained, and then put to the test to see if the hypothesis is correct.

(ii) Human behaviour may be researched, and human behaviour regularities can be articulated as generalisations.

(iii) Subjectivity yields to objectivity; philosophical meaning yields to analytic explanation; goal yields to method; normative yields to scientific,descriptive yields to observational;..

(iv) Facts and values are distinguished, and the values are structured in such a way that the facts become meaningful.

(v) The methodology used must be self-aware, clear, and quantitative.

(vi) The goal is to develop inter-disciplinary synthesis.

(vii)”What it is” is considered more essential than “what it was” or “what it should or could be.”

(viii) Values should be used to promote facts, substance over form, theory over research, and the status quo over social transformation.

The Marxist political theory, often known as the ‘dialectical-materialist’ or’scientific-socialist’ theory, is at the other extreme of modern political theory. It explains how all phenomena arise according to general rules of motion. Its significance lies in change resulting from a struggle between opposites; between production relations and productive forces in order to achieve a better mode of production; development from a lower to a higher stage; for example, from capitalistic to socialistic and from socialistic to communistic. It is a theoretical framework for analysing and interpreting political reform that is methodical and scientific. It’s a technique for deciphering the past, comprehending the present, and forecasting the future.

2. Configure John Rawls’ theory of justice.

Answer: The Latin words jungere (to bind, to tie together) and jus (justice) are combined to form the word “justice” (a bond or tie). Justice, as a uniting or joining concept, helps to bring individuals together in a just or fair order of relationships by allocating each person’s fair share of rights and responsibilities, rewards and penalties. Justinian, the Roman Emperor, expressed several of the commandments of justice in Latin, such as alterum non laedere (do not injure or hurt others) and suum cuique tribuere i.e to deliver to every what is owed to them. Justinian’s principles of justice were based on Aristotle’s definition of fairness as treating equals equally and unequals unequally in accordance to their disparities. He also identified three sorts of justice: distributive, corrective, and commutative justice i.e the concept of equivalency in the trading of different items

Justice is intertwined with other moral-political ideals including equality liberty, and fraternity as a moral-political value. In a fundamental sense, what makes a society or state just is its just or fair ordering of human interactions, which includes granting each individual their rightful rights and obligations, as well as appropriate rewards and penalties. Justice does this through adjusting the ideals of liberty, equality, cooperation, and so on. The notion of justice was previously seen to be a principle that balances or reconciles the ideas of equality, liberty and so on. This balancing or integrating is done in light of some ultimate ideal, such as the worth of the greatest happiness for the largest number of people or the worth of all people of a society’s freedom and equality. In this regard, it’s worth noting that the figure of personified justice, who holds a balance in her hands, represents the balancing or reconciling quality of justice.

The liberal-utilitarian notion of the greatest pleasure of the greatest number is a correction to Rawls’ ideas of social justice. So, what are his criticisms of utilitarianism? Rawls acknowledges that liberal utilitarianism constituted a welfare-oriented and progressive shift from classical liberalism’s absorption along with individual rights. Yet, in Rawls’ opinion, utilitarianism is a morally deficient theory of justice. Its moral problem is that it excuses or condones the sacrifice of some people’s happiness for the enjoyment of the vast majority. The aggregate total of utility, pleasure, or welfare produced by a society, rather than the well-being or welfare of each member of the community, is the criteria of justice for utilitarians.

3. Examine the inter-relationship of duties and rights within liberal thought.

4. Discuss the Marxist view of state.

5. Trace the development of the concept of citizenship.


Write a short note on the following in about 250 words each.

6. (a) Fascist World view

(b) Gender –sex distinction

7. (a) Civil Disobedience

(b) Weakest link of the Chain (V. I. Lenin)

8. (a) Conservatism

(b) Political Theory in a globalizing Word

9. (a) Ideology of neo liberalism

(b) Dictatorship of the proletariat

10. (a) Individualism

(b) Alienation

While preparing your assignment, IGNOU highly encourages you to adhere to the following guidelines:

The TMA is primarily focused with evaluating your ability to apply and comprehend the course content in its entirety. In this assignment, you are not needed to copy pieces of information from the course material; rather, you are expected to use the abilities of critical appreciation that you may have developed throughout your course of study. This assignment is intended to be both a teaching tool and a performance evaluation tool. Please make sure that you read all of the texts that have been assigned for this course. Make notes as you go along to help you remember things. If there is anything you do not understand, please seek clarification from your Counselor at the Study Center. As soon as you are able to complete the project to your satisfaction, you will be prepared to take the test confidently.

Read the full directions for the assignment that are provided in the Handbook and Program Guide before beginning.

In the top right corner of the first page of your answer sheet, write your enrollment number, first and last name, complete address, and date (s).

In the centre of the first page of your answer sheet, write the course title, assignment number, and the name of the study centre to which you are assigned (s).

Only use foolscap size paper for your answer, and properly label each page with your name.

With each response, provide the question number that corresponds to it.

You should use your own handwriting while writing.

It is necessary for you to submit your completed assignment to the Study Centre Coordinator who has been allocated to you by March 31st, 2022 if you are enrolled in the July 2021 Session or the 30th of September, 2022 if enrolled for the January 2022 Session.

Please carefully study the instructions provided in your Programme Guide before continuing.

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